E-cigarette Use And Changes In Tobacco Smokers Quitting
The use of electronic cigarettes in the US became noticeable around 2010 and increased significantly by 2014. To examine whether the increase in the use of e-cigarettes in the US was caused by a change in overall smoking cessation rate at the population level, researchers in the field has recently carried out a population survey. The survey is based on the largest representative sample of e-cig users to date: the 2014-15 Current Population Survey-Tobacco Use Supplement (CPS-TUS).
The Use ofElectronic Cigarette in the US
Current regulatory policies on e-cigswidely vary from country to country. The US policy is somewhere between. The majority of e-cig manufacturers prefer making no explicit claims on cessation benefits.Electronic cigarettes are now sold in the US with minor restrictions, as the most recent FDA rulings on e-cigs give grace periods for implementation of many components.
The scientific community has 2 opinions concerning e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation aid. According to a recent Cochrane review, the effect caused by electronic cigarettes issimilar tothatq of the nicotine replacement therapy for individual smokers who use them.
So, electronic cigarettes will positively affect the population cessation rate if they function as a nicotine replacement therapy and if they increase the total proportion of smokers using nicotine replacement products. Others suggest e-cigarettes will have a negative impact on smoking in adults, even if they help some individuals to quit smoking.
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What Do the Survey Results Show?
According to the mentioned survey results, the use of electronic cigarette had to do with an increased smoking cessation rate at the level of subgroup analysis and at the overall population level. The survey revealed:
- 8.5% of US adults had ever tried e-cigarettes and 2.4% were currently using them.
- Men were keener on using e-cigarettes as compared to women.
- Younger groups keener on using e-cigs than older groups.
- Those who had never smoked had the lowest – 2.0% – rate for e-cigarette use.
- Recent quitters had the highest – 49.3% – ever use rate, which was even higher as compared to that of current smokers – 38.2%.
- Recent quitters were most likely to have continued using e-cigarettes (38.7%). If they had stopped smoking e-cigs, they also were most likely to have only stopped within a year, (30.4%).
- Only 0.3% of those who had never smoked currently used e-cigarettes at the time of thesurvey. Recent quitters had the highest – 19.0% – prevalence, even higher as compared to that of current smokers – 11.5%.
The first main finding of the study shows that in 2014-15, e-cigarette users in the USmade attempts to stop smoking cigarette and succeeded in quitting at higher rates as compared to non-users. Based on the second main finding, the overall population smoking cessation rate in 2014-15 grewdramatically from that in 2010-11. The 1.1 percentage point increase in cessation rate (from 4.5% to 5.6%) represents approximately 350.000 additional US smokers who quit in 2014-15.
Author Bio: Electronic payments expert, Blair Thomas, co-founded eMerchantBroker in 2010. His passions include writing/producing music, and travel. eMerchantBroker is America’s No.1 e-cig merchant account company, serving both traditional and high-risk merchants.